Unique for its impressive medieval forts, churches, monuments and palaces, Dubrovnik is often called the pearl of the Adriatic. Dubrovnik is one of the cultural centres of Europe due to more than a thousand-year-old history. Initially a small community, the city flourished in no time and became the seat of the independent Republic of Dubrovnik. The Republic mastered the art of seafaring and created a fleet on the South Adriatic which could be compared to the one owned by Venice in the north. Its history is felt in the entire city, which makes it both a museum and a picturesque stage where cultural heritage and contemporary life meet. All houses and monuments have a unique value. Dubrovnik’s historic centre referred to as the Old Town or the Old City is encompassed by medieval walls, which have been preserved in their original form and open for visitors as its major attraction. In 1979, the Old Town was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site List.
CROATIA IN BRIEF
Croatia is situated in the south-eastern part of Europe, surrounded by the Alps in the west, the Rivers Drava and Danube in the north and east, and the long coastline of the Adriatic Sea encompassing more than thousand islands in the south. Croatia is characterised by diversity and wealth of nature within a relatively small area. It is a republic governed under a parliamentary system, a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, the United Nations, the NATO, and the World Trade Organization. The capital city is Zagreb. It is a political, administrative, economic and educational centre, but also the city of culture and arts. One of the most beautiful pearls of Croatian cultural heritage is the Old City of Dubrovnik situated in the extreme south of the sunniest tourist region of Dalmatia.